OSHA Jurisdiction Over Public Schools and Other State and Local Government Entities: COVID-19 Issues [Updated February 11, 2021] [open pdf - 481KB]
From the Document: "As states and their public school systems consider how to provide education to students during the ongoing Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, they face the safety and health of their students and the potential occupational exposure of their teachers and other employees, including support staff and transportation providers, to the SARS-CoV-2 [severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2] virus, the virus that causes COVID-19. In 24 states and the District of Columbia, local educational agencies (LEAs),such as public school districts, and other state and local government entities are not subject to federal regulation, inspection, or enforcement by the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) or state regulation under the Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970 (OSH Act). LEAs in these states may be covered by OSHA-approved state occupational safety and health plans (state plans) or other state laws."
CRS In Focus, IF11619
Congressional Research Service: https://crsreports.congress.gov/