Delineation of Flood-Inundation Areas in Grapevine Canyon near Scotty's Castle, Death Valley National Park, California [open pdf - 5MB]
From the Abstract: "On October 18, 2015, a large flood caused considerable damage in Grapevine Canyon near Death Valley Scotty Historic District, in Death Valley National Park, California. Significant channel changes had limited the applicability of previously created flood-inundation maps to current conditions. Predicted flood-inundation maps for Scotty's Castle were updated using one-dimensional hydraulic models. A digital terrain model was created for the study area using a terrestrial laser scanner for use in the hydraulic models. Estimations of the 4, 2, 1, 0.5, and 0.2-percent annual exceedance probability flood streamflows (previously known as the 25, 50, 100, 250, and 500-year floods) were computed from regional flood regression equations. The estimated flood streamflows were used with the hydraulic models to compute water surface elevations that were mapped on the digital terrain model. The results indicate inundation of the visitor center and park offices occurs by the 4-percent annual exceedance probability flood. Bridge and embankment overtopping occurs by the 2-percent annual exceedance probability flood. Sections of Grapevine Canyon Road and the parking lot are inundated by the 4-percent annual exceedance probability flood and above streamflows. None of the computed streamflows reach Scotty's Castle main building."
Scientific Investigations Report 2020-5082
U.S. Geological Survey: https://www.usgs.gov/