ABSTRACT

Department of Homeland Security: Detecting Future Biological Threats: Neutron Scattering Research and Technologies (Fiscal Year 2020 Report to Congress)   [open pdf - 541KB]

From the Executive Summary: "The use of biological weapons against the U.S. homeland presents a significant challenge to national security. Biological material is omnipresent in the environment, and pathogens can self-propagate. Even a natural outbreak can lead quickly not only to a public health crisis, but also to a biosecurity vulnerability because of the thousands of clinical samples that are generated during an epidemic. The effective detection and attribution of biological threats depend on strong technical detection capabilities and the ability to connect biological information with all other actionable or discriminating information to contribute an additional layer to U.S. weapons of mass destruction (WMD) defense. CWMD [Countering Weapons of Mass Destruction Office] conducts biological research to support operators in the field performing their mission of protecting the United States against a biological WMD attack. This research focuses on developing and improving the deployed sensor technologies required to provide prompt and effective early detection of a biological attack within the country. Efforts will emphasize reducing the time of detection and improving the fidelity of that detection while reducing overall costs. Examples of potential research areas include studies of unique signatures of biological material to improve sensor triggers, data collection, and analysis to enhance the understanding of the biological backgrounds in urban environments; improving the ability to detect through fusion of data from heterogenous sensors networks; and studies comparing theoretical models of sensor system responses against actual data."

Publisher:
Date:
2020-06-09
Series:
Copyright:
Public Domain
Retrieved From:
Department of Homeland Security: https://www.dhs.gov/
Format:
pdf
Media Type:
application/pdf
URL:
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