Defense Primer: The National Technology and Industrial Base [Updated February 3, 2021] [open pdf - 486KB]
From the Document: "The National Technology and Industrial Base (NTIB) consists of the people and organizations engaged in national security and dual-use research and development (R&D), production, maintenance, and related activities within the United States, Canada, the United Kingdom, and Australia. The NTIB, as established by 10 U.S.C. §2500, is intended to support national security objectives of the United States, including supplying military operations; conducting advanced R&D and systems development to ensure technological superiority of the U.S. Armed Forces; securing reliable sources of critical materials; and developing industrial preparedness to support operations in wartime or during a national emergency. [...] Officials from the United States and other NTIB member countries have stated that, while coordination is moving in the right direction, the industrial bases are not meaningfully integrated. Furthermore, some contend that the NTIB currently falls short of the aspiration of a seamless integration of the 'transfer of knowledge, goods, and services' called for in the FY2017 NDAA [National Defense Authorization Act]. Potential related considerations for Congress include the following options.  Establish a governing body of NTIB members; [...]  Amend laws affecting integration of the NTIB; [...] [and 3] Increase international cooperation[.]"
CRS In Focus, IF11311
Congressional Research Service: https://crsreports.congress.gov/