From the Document: "Bolivia is a landlocked South American nation of 11.7 million people. From 2006 to 2018, Bolivia became more stable and prosperous under President Evo Morales, its first indigenous president. Bolivia also experienced backsliding in measurements of governance. In November 2019, Morales resigned after an election marred by irregularities and sustained protests. Luis Arce, Morales's former finance minister, took office a year later, after winning 55% of the vote in October 2020 elections in which his Movement Toward Socialism (MAS) also maintained a legislative majority. President Arce faces many challenges, including how to address the Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic and how to manage relations with the United States. [...] Members of the 116th Congress expressed concerns about the situation in Bolivia in resolutions and letters to the Administration. The Senate approved S.Res. 35 in April 2019, expressing support for democratic principles in Bolivia. S.Res. 447, agreed to in the Senate in January 2020, expressed support for the prompt convening of new elections. [...] Some Members of Congress have congratulated Arce on his victory and expressed hope for improved bilateral relations; others have concerns about the return of a socialist government in Bolivia."
CRS In Focus, IF11325
Congressional Research Service: https://crsreports.congress.gov/