From the Document: "Since the end of the Second World War, successive U.S. Administrations and many Members of Congress have supported a close U.S. partnership with Europe. Often termed the 'transatlantic relationship', the U.S.-European partnership encompasses the NATO alliance, relations with the European Union (EU), and extensive bilateral political and economic ties. Despite periodic tensions over the past 70 years, U.S. and European policymakers have valued the transatlantic partnership as serving their respective geostrategic and economic interests. The former Trump Administration questioned the tenets of the post-World War II transatlantic security and economic architecture to an unprecedented extent. President Trump's criticisms of NATO, the EU, and key European countries prompted significant concerns in Europe. Trump Administration officials contended the United States remained committed to NATO and close U.S.-European ties, but policy divergences existed on a range of regional and global issues. Managing the spread of Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) further strained U.S.-European relations. Many European leaders hope to work with the new Biden Administration to renew and strengthen the transatlantic partnership. The 117th Congress may evaluate current U.S. interests in Europe and prospects for future U.S.-European relations and cooperation. [...] Many Members of Congress appear to favor a strong transatlantic partnership, despite some concerns about European positions on certain foreign policy or trade issues."
CRS In Focus, IF11094
Congressional Research Service: https://crsreports.congress.gov/