Energy Employees Occupational Illness Compensation Program Act (EEOICPA) [Updated January 13, 2021] [open pdf - 1MB]
From the Summary: "During the Cold War, thousands of Americans worked in the development and testing of the nation's nuclear weapons stockpile. Some of these workers were exposed to radiation, beryllium, silica, and other toxic substances that may have contributed to various medical conditions, including different types of cancer. Enacted in 2000, the Energy Employees Occupational Illness Compensation Program Act (EEOICPA, Title XXXVI of P.L. 106-398) provides cash and medical benefits to former nuclear weapons arsenal workers with covered medical conditions and to their survivors."
CRS Report for Congress, R46476
Congressional Research Service: https://crsreports.congress.gov/