Executive Order 13986: Ensuring a Lawful and Accurate Enumeration and Apportionment Pursuant to the Decennial Census [open pdf - 220KB]
Alternate Title: EO 13986: Ensuring a Lawful and Accurate Enumeration and Apportionment Pursuant to the Decennial Census
From the Document: "Both the Fourteenth Amendment of the United States Constitution and section 2a(a) of title 2, United States Code, require that the apportionment base of each State, for the purpose of the reapportionment of Representatives following the decennial census, include all persons whose usual place of residence was in that State as of the designated census date, regardless of their immigration status. These laws, affirmed by the executive branch's longstanding historical practice, do not permit the exclusion of inhabitants of the United States from the apportionment base solely on the ground that they lack a lawful immigration status. Reflecting this legal background, and the values of equal representation and respect that the Constitution and laws embody, it is the policy of the United States that reapportionment shall be based on the total number of persons residing in the several States, without regard for immigration status. It is likewise essential that the census count be accurate and based on reliable and high-quality data."
Executive Order 13986; EO 13986
Federal Register: http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collection.action?collectionCode=FR
Federal Register (January 25, 2021), v.86 no.14, p.7015