A Brief Comparison of Two Climate Change Mitigation Approaches: Cap-and-Trade and Carbon Tax (or Fee) [Updated January 12, 2021] [open pdf - 434KB]
From the document: "Almost all climate scientists agree that greenhouse gas (GHG) emission increases have contributed to observed climate change and that continued increases in GHG emissions will contribute to future climate change. Although a variety of efforts seeking to reduce GHG emissions are currently underway on the international level and in individual states or regional partnerships, federal policymakers and stakeholders have different viewpoints over what to do--if anything--about GHG emissions, future climate change, and related impacts."
CRS In Focus, IF11103
Congressional Research Service: https://crsreports.congress.gov/