Rural Hospital Closures: Affected Residents Had Reduced Access to Health Care Services, Report to the Ranking Member, Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs, United States Senate [open pdf - 839KB]
From the Highlights: "Rural hospitals face many challenges in providing essential access to health care services to rural communities. From January 2013 through February 2020, 101 rural hospitals closed. GAO [Government Accountability Office] was asked to examine the effects of rural hospital closures on residents living in the areas of the hospitals that closed. This report examines, among other objectives, how closures affected the distance for residents to access health care services, as well as changes in the availability of health care providers in counties with and without closures."
Government Accountability Office: https://www.gao.gov/