From the Overview: "[O]ver the years, more countries and organizations have sought to strengthen institutional capacities and governance in order to build disaster resilience through social protection. With such dire economic consequences, it is not surprising that 126 countries have introduced or expanded their social protection in response to COVID-19 [coronavirus disease 2019]. However, in the Asia-Pacific region, only 40 percent of the population has access to a social protection programme as estimated in 2017. Moreover, many national systems have been too underdeveloped or not flexible enough to allow them to expand before or during emergencies. While good examples exist of social protection mechanisms used as the vehicle for disaster response and recovery, their application for building long-term resilience (including through vulnerability reduction) is largely unexplored. Despite these shortcomings, many countries in Asia-Pacific are relying on social protection mechanisms to respond to and recover from the COVID-19 crisis, reaching millions of people with cash-based assistance and other forms of support. The COVID-19 pandemic is shining a light on the challenges and opportunities social protection provides in the prevention, management, and recovery from disasters. The region needs to invest in health and social protection systems and to embed long-term sustainability into stimulus packages and recovery policies, in order to strengthen resilience to future shocks. [...] This issue brief looks into some of these challenges and offers recommendations to expand and strengthen social protection to achieve greater community resilience."
2020 United Nations Office for Disaster Risk Reduction
United Nations Office for Disaster Risk Reduction: https://www.undrr.org/