From the Document: "Fires in the Brazilian Amazon forest have received widespread media attention in recent years and have raised congressional concern.This is due to an increase in fire events and deforestation rates in the region compared with most years in the past decade, as well as to statements made by Brazilian President Jair Bolsonaro indicating his intent to pursue development in the region. In particular, much attention was given to the fires in late 2019, when the observed number of fire hotspots was higher than in six of the previous nine years. The 2020 fire season appears to have continued along this trend; the numbers of observed hotspots in September and October 2020 were higher than during the same months in 2019. Deforestation rates in the region continue to rise, and 2020 saw the highest rates since 2008."
CRS In Focus, IF11306
Congressional Research Service: https://crsreports.congress.gov/