From the Introduction: "In May 2020, the U.S. Census Bureau released its first findings from the new Household Pulse and Small Business Pulse Surveys, both now in Phase 3. These experimental products are designed to track the effects of the novel coronavirus disease--first observed in Wuhan, China, in 2019 (COVID-19) and declared a pandemic by the World Health Organization in March 2020. The bureau defines such products as those 'using new data sources or methodologies that benefit data users in the absence of other relevant products.' Long before COVID-19 struck, the federal statistical system produced data that could gauge changes in mortality, health status, food supplies, unemployment, and business conditions, among other important variables. Not previously available, however, were the kind of data now provided by the pulse surveys, which are not only detailed but also being disseminated in almost real time to help policymakers respond to the pandemic and plan for recovery."
CRS In Focus, IF11594
Congressional Research Service: https://crsreports.congress.gov/