Morocco-Israel Normalization and U.S. Policy Change on Western Sahara [December 15, 2020] [open pdf - 803KB]
From the Document: "On December 10, President Trump announced that Morocco would normalize relations with Israel, and that the United States was recognizing Moroccan sovereignty over the disputed territory of Western Sahara. Morocco affirmed that normalization will include 'official contacts with counterparts and diplomatic relations as soon as possible,' direct flights, and economic and technical cooperation. How quickly these commitments might advance remains to be seen. Morocco's willingness to normalize relations with Israel follows similar moves by the United Arab Emirates and Bahrain in September 2020, and comes after Sudan in October announced tentative plans to do so. Arab government decisions formally to normalize relations with Israel have generally come after years of discreet coordination to counter common concerns such as Iran and Islamist populist movements (including the Muslim Brotherhood). These developments raise questions about the future of cooperation and rivalry among key actors in the Middle East, U.S. arms sales to the region, Saudi Arabia's willingness to follow suit, and Arab state support for Palestinian national demands."
CRS Insight, IN11555
Congressional Research Service: https://crsreports.congress.gov/