From the Document: "Burkina Faso has become a stark symbol of worsening security trends in West Africa's Sahel region. Since 2016, Islamist insurgent groups have asserted control over parts of the country and carried out terrorist attacks in the capital, Ouagadougou. Some have ties to the conflict in neighboring Mali, and to Al Qaeda or the Islamic State. The government has struggled to counter insurgent gains despite international backing and military aid, while state security forces and militia groups have been implicated in severe human rights abuses. The conflict has crippled health and education systems in parts of the country and deepened food insecurity. Over a million Burkinabè were internally displaced as of late 2020, nearly double the number a year earlier, according to U.N. data. The COVID-19 [coronavirus disease 2019] pandemic has also brought new health and economic hardships."
CRS In Focus, IF10434
Congressional Research Service: https://crsreports.congress.gov/