From the Summary: "The Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic dramatically disrupted the labor force in early 2020 as businesses closed or reduced operations and consumer demand shifted away from in-person commerce. The swift drop in economic activity translated into widespread and massive employment loss. This report considers the implications for women, who disproportionately lost employment during the early months of the pandemic; as 2020 comes to a close, labor market data suggest that to some degree these losses may be lasting. Women's employment declined by 17.8% (13.3 million fewer women were employed) between January 2020 and April 2020. In contrast, men's employment declined by 14.3% between January and April. Employment loss (as a share of January employment) for Black women and Hispanic women has been considerable and exceeded that of other groups. Women's employment has recovered to some extent since April, with particularly large gains in October. In that month, women's employment was 6% below January values, and men's employment was lower by about 5%. However, with COVID-19 cases spiking and new business restrictions being reintroduced this fall, some of the recent employment gains could reverse in the near term. If so, women may again bear a disproportionate burden of employment losses."
CRS Report for Congress, R46632
Congressional Research Service: https://crsreports.congress.gov/