Citizenship and Immigration Services Ombudsman Recommendation on the Central American Minors (CAM) Refugee/Parole Program [open pdf - 759KB]
From the Executive Summary: "In recent years, unprecedented numbers of unaccompanied children from the 'Northern Triangle' of Central America -- El Salvador, Guatemala, and Honduras -- have made the difficult journey to the United States. Many of these minors flee their home countries to escape victimization, only to endure further harm on the journey north in the form of extortion, abduction, rape, or other exploitation. The U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS), along with the U.S. Department of State (DOS), launched the Central American Minors (CAM) Refugee/Parole program in December 2014 to '…provide a safe, legal, and orderly alternative to [this] dangerous journey.…' Through CAM, parents lawfully present in the United States may apply for their children at risk in the Northern Triangle countries to be considered for relocation to the United States as refugees or parolees. [...] the Ombudsman has identified the following key issues of concern in CAM program operations: Lengthy processing times; Need for enhanced protection mechanisms for particularly vulnerable qualifying children; Restrictive eligibility criteria; Costs associated with DNA testing; Uncertainty regarding program eligibility, application process, and case status; Insufficient funding for resettlement agencies' CAM-related activities; Lack of access to counsel during CAM interviews; and 8) Barriers for CAM parolees, such as travel costs, lack of resettlement assistance, and adjustment of status limitations."
U.S. Department of Homeland Security: https://www.dhs.gov/