United Nations Human Rights Council: Background and Policy Issues [Updated November 25, 2020] [open pdf - 1MB]
From the Introduction: "The United Nations (U.N.) Human Rights Council (Council) is the primary intergovernmental body that addresses human rights worldwide. The United States is not currently a member; in June 2018, the Trump Administration announced that the United States would withdraw its membership. Administration officials cited concerns with the Council's disproportionate focus on Israel, ineffectiveness in addressing human rights situations, impact on U.S. sovereignty, and lack of reform. Presumptive President-elect Joseph Biden stated in December 2019 that the United States would rejoin the Council under his Administration. The United States is currently withholding funding to the Council under a provision in the Department of State, Foreign Operations, and Related Programs Appropriations Act, FY2020 (Division G of P.L. 116-94). [...] This report provides background information on the Council, including the role of the previous U.N. Commission on Human Rights. It discusses the Council's current mandate and structure, as well as Administration policy and congressional actions. Finally, it highlights policy aspects of possible interest to Congress, including the debate over U.S. membership, U.S. funding of the Council, alternatives to the Council in U.N. fora, the Council's focus on Israel, and the possible increased influence of other countries in Council activities."
CRS Report for Congress, RL33608
Congressional Research Service: https://crsreports.congress.gov/