From the Document: "On October 17, 2020, the Standing Committee of China's legislature, the National People's Congress (NPC), passed the Export Control Law of the People's Republic of China, which goes into effect on December 1, 2020[.] The passage follows three rounds of legislative deliberations since China's cabinet, the State Council, first presented a draft to the NPC in June 2017. The law realizes a longstanding Chinese government goal of elevating and consolidating ministry-level export control authorities under one national-level legal and policy framework. The new law defines China's export control authorities as a joint mechanism of units under both the State Council and the Central Military Commission that perform export control functions. The action is part of a broader effort by China's President Xi Jinping to build out national security authorities and reflects themes--such as China's right to development--as broad justifications for national security-related trade actions. The final language includes several new provisions that appear aimed at creating a Chinese policy counterweight to the U.S. government's use of export control authorities to restrict the transfer of U.S. dual-use technology to China, including provisions for retaliatory action and extraterritorial jurisdiction."
CRS Insight, IN11524
Congressional Research Service: https://crsreports.congress.gov/