Tanzania: Recent Governance Trends and 2020 Elections in Brief [Updated October 26, 2020] [open pdf - 1MB]
From the Introduction: "Tanzania, an East African country of 58.6 million people, transitioned from a one-party socialist state to a multiparty system in 1992, amidst a then-ongoing liberalization of its state-centric economy. The country has since attracted significant amounts of foreign development aid, including more than $7.5 billion in total U.S. assistance over the past 20 years. Such assistance generally has sought to improve the development prospects of Tanzania's people--many of whom remain poor, despite the country's substantial natural resource wealth and agricultural potential, years of robust macroeconomic growth, and improving socioeconomic indicators. Despite Tanzania's multiparty transition, the Chama Cha Mapinduzi (CCM, Swahili for 'Party of the Revolution') has continued to dominate and control the state. It has won every national election since that transition, as well as all elections in Zanzibar, a semiautonomous, majority Muslim island region. The influence of the CCM, which holds 74% of parliamentary seats, has expanded under the sometimes-controversial tenure of President John Magufuli, elected in 2015."
CRS Report for Congress, R46579
Congressional Research Service: https://crsreports.congress.gov/