From the Summary: "Kuwait has been pivotal to the decades-long U.S. effort to secure the Persian Gulf region because of its consistent cooperation with U.S. military operations in the region and its key location in the northern Gulf. Kuwait and the United States have a formal Defense Cooperation Agreement (DCA), under which the United States deploys over 13,000 military personnel in country and prepositions substantial quantities of military equipment. Kuwait is a partner not only of the United States but also of the other hereditary monarchies of the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC: Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, United Arab Emirates, Qatar, Bahrain, and Oman). Kuwaiti forces are part of the Saudi-led coalition that is trying to defeat the Iran-backed 'Houthi' rebel movement in Yemen, while at the same time mediating a possible resolution to that and other regional conflicts. Kuwait is attempting to heal the intra-GCC rift that erupted in June 2017 when Saudi Arabia and the UAE [United Arab Emirates] moved to isolate Qatar. Kuwait has refrained from intervening in Syria's civil war, instead hosting several donor conferences for victims of the Syrian civil conflict. Kuwait also has provided funds for Iraq's recovery from the Islamic State challenge and to ameliorate the effects of regional conflict on Jordan's economy. Kuwait has not followed some of the other GCC states in building ties to the government of Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu in Israel."
CRS Report for Congress, RS21513
Congressional Research Service: https://crsreports.congress.gov/