From the Document: "Medicaid, authorized in Title XIX of the Social Security Act (SSA), is a federal-state program that jointly finances primary and acute medical services, as well as long-term services and supports (LTSS), to a diverse low-income population. The 50 states, the District of Columbia (DC), and the five U.S. territories (American Samoa, the Commonwealth of Northern Mariana Islands, Guam, Puerto Rico [PR], and the U.S. Virgin Islands [USVI]) must follow broad federal rules to receive federal Medicaid funding, but they have flexibility to design their own versions of Medicaid within the federal statute's basic framework. In addition, several waiver authorities allow states to operate their Medicaid programs outside of federal program rules. [...] This flexibility results in variability across state Medicaid programs in factors such as use of telehealth as a service delivery method. This In Focus provides background on Medicaid telehealth and an overview of telehealth actions in response to the Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) Public Health Emergency (PHE). It discusses how states leveraged existing flexibilities and PHE-specific federal authorities to increase the number of services, provider types, and other telehealth coverage options under Medicaid."
CRS In Focus, IF11664
Congressional Research Service: https://crsreports.congress.gov/