Effective Resilience and National Strategy: Lessons from the Pandemic and Requirements for Key Critical Infrastructures [open pdf - 0B]
From the Executive Summary: "The coronavirus pandemic has generated enormous health and economic costs to the United States and exposed significant security vulnerabilities, particularly in the cyber and biological arenas. The resilient capabilities of the health, economic, and security sectors have been inadequate to the challenges. American deaths from the pandemic have far exceeded the combined total of lives lost in the conflicts in Korea, Vietnam, Iraq, and Afghanistan. The economy has suffered the greatest reverses since the Great Depression of the 1930s. The long-standing US strategies of overseas engagement and forward defense have had little relevance to a pandemic that is here in the United States affecting individuals, businesses, and governance. While the National Security Strategy identifies combating pandemics and promoting resilience as strategic objectives, the costs from the coronavirus have been far higher than the United States would have expected or should tolerate. The enormous challenges presented by the virus are reflective of a broader spectrum of resilience risks facing the United States. Since the turn of the century, three converging factors--the ever-increasing reliance on information and communications technology, the globalization of supply chains, and the rise of China as a competitor--have created vulnerabilities that have put the United States at increasing risk. Along with the biological and health risks that the pandemic has exposed, these vulnerabilities call for an expanded focus on resilience as a key element of US strategy."
2020 Atlantic Council of the United States
Atlantic Council of the United States: http://www.atlanticcouncil.org/