From the Thesis Abstract: "In 2019, the Government of Canada released the Arctic and Northern Policy Framework, to include associated International and Safety, Security, and Defence chapters. This new policy represents a shift in perspective towards the Arctic from 'use it or lose it' to a 'soft security' framework. This study consists of a content analysis of Canadian, Russian, and Chinese Arctic and defense policies, with a view to identifying threats to Canadian Arctic sovereignty and any gaps in existing Canadian Arctic and defense policy. As traditional and emerging threats, Russia and China each present unique challenges to Canadian Arctic sovereignty. A nine ways of seeing analysis was conducted to frame the contemporary Arctic environment, followed by a review of the strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats that influence Canadian Arctic sovereignty is presented to provide recommendations on how Canada can secure its hold on its Arctic territory amidst boundary disputes and increased interest from non-Arctic states."
Ike Skelton Combined Arms Research Library Digital Library: https://cgsc.contentdm.oclc.org/