Combating Wildlife Trafficking: Agencies Work to Address Human Rights Abuse Allegations in Overseas Conservation Programs [open pdf - 2MB]
From the Document: "Wildlife trafficking--the poaching and illegal trade of wild animals--is a multibillion-dollar, global criminal activity that is both a conservation issue and a security threat, according to the Department of State (State). Estimates place wildlife trafficking among the leading types of illicit trade. According to a 2014 report from the United Nations Environment Programme, different sources have estimated the illegal trade in wildlife to be worth between $7 billion and $23 billion annually. Wildlife trafficking undermines conservation efforts, fuels corruption, and destabilizes communities that depend on wildlife for biodiversity and ecotourism. Wildlife trafficking also is pushing some protected and endangered species to the brink of extinction. In response, the U.S. government has taken steps to combat wildlife trafficking across the globe. From fiscal years 2014 through 2020, the U.S. government provided approximately $554 million to undertake a range of activities to combat wildlife trafficking through federal agencies and in cooperation with partner organizations in the field."
Government Accountability Office: http://www.gao.gov/