Executive Order 13953: Addressing the Threat to the Domestic Supply Chain from Reliance on Critical Minerals from Foreign Adversaries and Supporting the Domestic Mining and Processing Industries [open pdf - 233KB]
Alternate Title: EO 13953: Addressing the Threat to the Domestic Supply Chain from Reliance on Critical Minerals from Foreign Adversaries and Supporting the Domestic Mining and Processing Industries
From the Document: "[A] strong America cannot be dependent on imports from foreign adversaries for the critical minerals that are increasingly necessary to maintain our economic and military strength in the 21st century. Because of the national importance of reliable access to critical minerals, I signed Executive Order 13817 of December 20, 2017 (A Federal Strategy To Ensure Secure and Reliable Supplies of Critical Minerals), which required the Secretary of the Interior to identify critical minerals and made it the policy of the Federal Government 'to reduce the Nation's vulnerability to disruptions in the supply of critical minerals.' Pursuant to my order, the Secretary of the Interior conducted a review with the assistance of other executive departments and agencies (agencies) that identified 35 minerals that (1) are 'essential to the economic and national security of the United States,' (2) have supply chains that are 'vulnerable to disruption,' and (3) serve 'an essential function in the manufacturing of a product, the absence of which would have significant consequences for our economy or our national security.'"
Executive Order 13953; EO 13953
Federal Register: http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collection.action?collectionCode=FR
Federal Register (October 5, 2020), v.85 no.193, p.62539