From the Introduction: "The Milwaukee (Wisconsin) Police Department (MPD), in partnership with Dr. Sandra Ramey of the University of Iowa College of Nursing, was awarded COPS [Office of Community Oriented Policing Services] Office microgrant funding for a project entitled 'Development and Validation of a Resilience Curriculum at the Academy.' The MPD and Dr. Ramey worked with the MPD Academy to complete deliverables including resilience training and program validation. The implementation of a resilience training intervention is highly dependent on the timing of the training. In a recent MPD academy class of 42 cadets ranging in ages from 21 to 53 years, greater job satisfaction of police officers three months after their graduation from the academy was statistically significantly associated with lower emotional stress (p < .001) and lower perceived stress (p = .01) (Ramey et al. 2017). For a different cohort of 38 working Milwaukee police officers, ages 22 to 54 years, with greater longevity on the job, the associations were not statistically significant for emotional and perceived stress before nor after the resilience training (Ramey et al. 2016). It appears from these early results that the timing of this intervention matters and implementation with recruits at the academy is likely the most effective time to deliver this training. Therefore, the current study focused on implementation of a resilience training program at the academy level."
U.S. Department of Justice Office of Community Oriented Policing Services: https://cops.usdoj.gov/