Urbanization and Preparedness for Outbreaks with High-Impact Respiratory Pathogens   [open pdf - 0B]

From Chapter 1: "Urbanization is a complex process that results in more and larger urban areas with an increased population. The associated socioeconomic changes (e.g. shifts in dominant occupations, lifestyles and behaviours) alter the demographic and social structures of both urban and rural areas, for example when younger people move to cities. There is no universally accepted definition of an urban area; countries often use size and density of population or economic or administrative indicators to define an urban area. In 2018, 55% of the population lived in urban areas. This is projected to rise to 68% by 2050, with Africa and Asia accounting for almost 90% of the projected growth. The number of megacities (urban areas with over 10 million inhabitants) is projected to increase from the current 33 to 43 by 2030, most of them located in Asia and Africa. [...]"

Norwegian Institute of Public Health
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World Health Organization: https://who.int/
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