Facial Recognition: CBP and TSA Are Taking Steps to Implement Programs, but CBP Should Address Privacy and System Performance Issues, Report to Congressional Requesters [open pdf - 6MB]
From the GAO [Government Accountability Office] Highlights: "Within the Department of Homeland Security (DHS), CBP [U.S. Customs and Border Protection] is charged with the dual mission of facilitating legitimate travel and securing U.S. borders, and TSA [Transportation Security Administration] is responsible for protecting the nation's transportation system. For both CBP and TSA, part of their inspection and screening responsibilities includes reviewing travel identification documents and verifying traveler identities. Beginning in 1996, a series of federal laws were enacted to develop and implement an entry-exit data system, which is to integrate biographic and, since 2004, biometric records for foreign nationals. This report addresses (1) the status of CBP's deployment of FRT [facial recognition technology], (2) the extent to which CBP has incorporated privacy protection principles, (3) the extent to which CBP has assessed the accuracy and performance of its FRT, and (4) the status of TSA's testing and deployment of FRT and how TSA has incorporated privacy protection principles. GAO conducted site visits to observe CBP's and TSA's use of FRT, which were selected to include all three travel environments--air, land, and sea; reviewed program documents; and interviewed DHS officials."
Government Accountability Office: https://www.gao.gov/