From the Document: "Over the past two years, the U.S. government has reformed--through legislation, regulation, and licensing practices--the export control system that regulates dual-use exports (goods and technology that have both civilian and military uses). These changes largely aim to address concerns about China's attempts to seek global civilian and military leadership in advanced and emerging technologies through coordinated industrial policies. Some of these reforms have prompted U.S. business concerns because they tighten technology trade with China, which is a growing market for many firms. Other reforms--such as setting emerging technology controls, expanding controls on existing technologies of concern, and reforming the licensing process--are ongoing. Congress has an important role in overseeing the reforms it legislated and shaping the evolving U.S. export control regime."
CRS In Focus, IF11627
Congressional Research Service: https://crsreports.congress.gov/