"Major conflict erupted in Libya in April 2019, when the 'Libyan National Army'/'Libyan Arab Armed Forces' (LNA/LAAF) movement--a coalition of armed groups led by Khalifa Haftar--launched a bid to seize the capital, Tripoli, from militias and the internationally recognized Government of National Accord (GNA). Fighters in western Libya rallied with Turkish military support to blunt the LNA's advance, and Haftar's forces withdrew from northwestern Libya in June 2020. The LNA and its local partners control much of Libya's territory and key oil production and export infrastructure. The GNA and anti-LNA groups control Tripoli and the western coast and seek to assert control over the entire country. Southern Libya is marginalized and faces threats from criminals, rival ethnic militias, and terrorists. The U.S. government supports a ceasefire, but the rival coalitions are preparing for more fighting in central Libya."
CRS In Focus, IF11556
Congressional Research Service: https://crsreports.congress.gov/