Natural Gas Exports: Updated Guidance and Regulations Could Improve Facility Permitting Processes, Report to Congressional Requesters [open pdf - 8MB]
From the Highlights: "As U.S. natural gas production has increased, exports of natural gas have increased as well, and in 2017, the nation became a net exporter of natural gas. In 2019, about 39 percent of natural gas exports were transported by ship as LNG [liquefied natural gas], and exports of LNG are expected to grow. FERC [Federal Energy Regulatory Commission], MARAD [Maritime Administration], and the Coast Guard issue permits required for companies to construct or operate an LNG export facility. The Coast Guard, along with PHMSA [Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration], also has issued regulations on safety and technology requirements for these facilities. These regulations incorporate technical standards that are developed and updated by standards-developing organizations. GAO [Government Accountability Office] was asked to review how federal agencies manage the permitting processes. This report examines, among other things, the extent to which (1) federal agencies collaborate in the permitting processes for LNG export facilities and (2) regulations for such facilities incorporate current technical standards."
Government Accountability Office: https://www.gao.gov/