CARES Act Education Stabilization Fund: Background and Analysis [Updated August 6, 2020] [open pdf - 1MB]
From the Introduction: "On March 13, 2020, President Trump declared the COVID-19 [coronavirus disease 2019] outbreak a national emergency, beginning March 1, 2020.1 On March 27, 2020, the Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security Act (CARES Act; P.L. 116-136) was signed into law. Included in the act was the Education Stabilization Fund (ESF), which was created 'to prevent, prepare for, and respond to coronavirus, domestically or internationally.' [...] This report begins with an overview of the appropriations available for the ESF and the required reservations of funds. It then discusses each of the emergency education relief funds. For the emergency education relief funds for which ED [U.S. Department of Education] has published grant amounts (i.e., GEER [Governor's Emergency Education Relief] Fund, ESSER [Elementary and Secondary School Emergency Relief] Fund, and HEERF [Higher Education Emergency Relief Fund]), ED's allocations have been included in this report. This is followed by an overview of the other provisions included in the ESF: assistance to non-public schools, continued payments to employees, definitions, and maintenance of effort (MOE) provisions. The last section of the report discusses reporting requirements included in the CARES Act that apply to amounts awarded through the emergency education relief funds."
CRS Report for Congress, R46378
Congressional Research Service: https://crsreports.congress.gov/