From the Introduction: "The end of January 2020 marked the beginning of widespread social restrictions across the globe. These ranged from communities being placed under total lock-down to the introduction of somewhat less draconian 'shelter at home'/'stay at home' directives as coronavirus (Covid19) travelled the world. From January to June 2020 academic and media commentators became increasingly focused on the unintended consequences of these required changes in social behaviour. The potential for increases in violence(s) against women and children became an issue of focal concern. To be clear, lock-down initiatives are not the cause of such violence(s). For instance, in 2019 the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime reported that during 2017 some 87,000 women and girls were intentionally killed worldwide with over 50% of those deaths occurring at the hands of a partner or ex-partner. This report concluded; 'home' remains the most dangerous place for women (and children)."
Working Paper No. 1
University of Liverpool
University of Liverpool: https://www.liverpool.ac.uk/