ABSTRACT

Air Pollution Exposure and COVID-19   [open pdf - 0B]

From the Abstract: "In light of the existing preliminary evidence of a link between Covid-19 [coronavirus disease 2019] and poor air quality, which is largely based upon correlations, we estimate the relationship between long term air pollution exposure and Covid-19 in 355 municipalities in the Netherlands. Using detailed secondary and administrative data we find compelling evidence of a positive relationship between air pollution, and particularly PM2.5 [particulate matter] concentrations, and Covid-19 cases, hospital admissions and deaths. This relationship persists after controlling for a wide range of explanatory variables. Our results indicate that a 1 μ/m3 increase in PM2.5 concentrations is associated with 9.4 more Covid-19 cases, 3.0 more hospital admissions, and 2.3 more deaths. The relationship between Covid-19 and air pollution withstands a number of sensitivity and robustness exercises including instrumenting pollution to mitigate potential endogeneity and modelling spatial spillovers using spatial econometric techniques."

Report Number:
IZA DP No. 13367; Institute of Labor Economics Discussion Paper 13367
Author:
Publisher:
Date:
2020-06
Series:
Copyright:
IZA Institute of Labor Economics
Retrieved From:
IZA Institute of Labor Economics: https://www.iza.org/
Media Type:
application/pdf
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