Moving Forward Act (H.R. 2) Would Both Restrict and Encourage Highway Tolls [Updated July 28, 2020] [open pdf - 547KB]
From the Document: "Section 1110 of the Moving Forward Act (H.R. 2, as passed in the House of Representatives July 1, 2020) would make substantial changes to the statutory and regulatory framework governing highway transportation tolls. Some of the changes would increase federal oversight of tolling operations while others encourage state and local governments to increase use of tolling. On the one hand, by reinstating the requirement that a detailed tolling agreement be negotiated between states or public authorities and the Secretary of Transportation before a previously untolled federal-aid highway, bridge, or tunnel is made subject to tolls, the provision would increase the oversight role of the U.S. Department of Transportation (DOT). On the other hand, the congestion pricing provisions in the act would increase the ability of states to implement tolling on congested Interstate System highways. These new provisions, together with the complexity of existing law, could create ambiguity about what is and what is not permissible when implementing new tolling schemes. Federal tolling law applies only to roads, bridges, and tunnels that are eligible for federal aid. These facilities, referred to as federal-aid highways, make up about 1 million of the roughly 4 million miles of public roads in the United States. Within the federal-aid highways is a category of designated major highways referred to as the National Highway System (NHS), which includes about 220,000 miles of highways. Within the NHS are the Interstate System highways, which make up just under 49,000 miles of highways."
CRS Insight, IN11439
Congressional Research Service: https://crsreports.congress.gov/