From the Introduction: "As election authorities work to conduct elections safely during the COVID-19 [coronavirus disease 2019] pandemic, their efforts may be undermined if the information space around elections is inadequately defended. Viral misinformation, disinformation campaigns directed by anti-democratic and opportunistic actors and the amplification and weaponization of hate speech create immediate and long-term electoral integrity challenges for democracies. Changes to election procedures due to COVID-19 in particular may provide fertile ground for information manipulation that can disenfranchise or endanger voters. As challenges multiply, authoritarian actors looking to capitalize on the confusion will continue to push narratives to undermine confidence in democratic institutions and processes. This paper will focus on how viral misinformation, hate speech and disinformation-laced influence operations by domestic and foreign actors impact the information environment around COVID-19, with implications for electoral integrity, trust in democracy and the protection of fundamental human rights, including political rights."
2020 International Foundation for Electoral Systems
International Foundation for Electoral Systems: https://www.ifes.org/