Major Votes on Free Trade Agreements and Trade Promotion Authority [Updated July 22, 2020] [open pdf - 1MB]
From the Summary: "Through Trade Promotion Authority (TPA), Congress has delegated authority to the President to negotiate free trade agreements (FTAs). This authority requires congressional approval of comprehensive FTAs, through implementation legislation, and provides for expedited consideration of such legislation if the Administration meets certain requirements during the negotiation process. Since 1979, Congress has passed 17 implementation measures for FTAs and multilateral trade agreements.All but one of these trade agreements were considered in Congress under TPA. Most recently, Congress considered and approved the United States-Mexico-Canada Agreement (USMCA)(P.L. 116-113), under TPA. TPA is currently authorized through July 1, 2021, by the Bipartisan Congressional Trade Priorities and Accountability Act of 2015 (P.L. 114-26). Since 1979, Congress has passed six measures extending TPA for limited time periods. As with many international trade issues,TPA has been politically contentious over time, resulting in vigorous debate and two eight-year lapses in authority. Congress also has a specific role in determining U.S. membership to the World Trade Organization (WTO). [...] The following report and tables compile the final congressional votes on free trade agreements (FTAs), trade promotion authority (TPA), and U.S membership to the World Trade Organization (WTO)."
CRS Report for Congress, R45846
Congressional Research Service: https://crsreports.congress.gov/