Targeting Federal Funds: Information on Funding to Areas with Persistent or High Poverty, Report to Congressional Addressees [open pdf - 2MB]
From the GAO [Government Accountability Office] Highlights: "The '10-20-30 formula' has been applied to appropriations for some federal programs since 2009. It requires that agencies use at least 10 percent of designated program funds in counties that have had poverty rates of at least 20 percent over the last 30 years (also known as 'persistent-poverty counties'). Legislation proposed in 2019 (H.R. 2055) would apply the formula to more programs for funds appropriated over the next 10 years. It also would require these programs to increase funding in 'high-poverty areas'-- census tracts with a poverty rate of at least 20 percent over the last 5 years. GAO identified 247 programs across 14 agencies that may fall within the scope of this bill. GAO was asked to review federal funding allocated to persistent-poverty counties and high-poverty areas. This report examines (1) characteristics of areas with persistent or high poverty, and (2) the percentage of funds that programs included in H.R. 2055 used in persistent-poverty counties and high-poverty areas in fiscal years 2017-2019."
Government Accountability Office: https://www.gao.gov/