Presidential Declarations of Emergency for COVID-19: NEA and Stafford Act [March 19, 2020] [open pdf - 698KB]
From the Document: "This Insight provides an overview of the presidential declarations of emergency made under the National Emergencies Act (NEA; 50 U.S.C. §§1601 et seq.) and the Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act (Stafford Act; 42 U.S.C. §§5121 et seq.) in response to the novel coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19). Table 1 describes select differences between these types of declarations and their authorities. This Insight does not discuss other actions mentioned by the President, or federal agencies (other than the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS)) that have been, or may be, tasked to respond."
CRS Insight, IN11264
Congressional Research Service: https://crsreports.congress.gov/