From the Summary: "The Small Business Administration (SBA) administers several programs to support small businesses, including loan guaranty programs, disaster loan programs, management and technical assistance training programs, and federal contracting programs. Congress has always been interested in these programs, primarily because they are viewed as a means to stimulate economic activity and create jobs. That interest has become acute in recent months due to the adverse economic impact of the Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic on the national economy, particularly on small businesses. For example, legislation has been enacted that has dramatically expanded the SBA's authority to provide loans to small businesses adversely affected by COVID-19. This report examines the economic research on net job creation to identify the types of businesses that appear to create the most jobs."
CRS Report for Congress, R41523
Congressional Research Service: https://crsreports.congress.gov/