From the Document: "Medicaid is a means-tested entitlement program that finances the delivery of primary and acute medical services, as well as long-term services and supports. Historically, Medicaid eligibility generally has been limited to low-income children, pregnant women, parents of dependent children, the elderly, and individuals with disabilities. [...] The federal government provided states with fiscal relief through temporary FMAP [federal medical assistance percentage] rate increases in response to the 2001 recession (March 2001 through November 2001) and the Great Recession (December 2007 through June 2009). The Families First Coronavirus Response Act (FFCRA; P.L. 116-127), enacted on March 18, 2020, recently added a temporary Medicaid FMAP increase, beginning January 1, 2020, and continuing through the Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) public health emergency period. This report begins with an overview of the FMAP rate. Then, it discusses the recession-related impact on the Medicaid program based on the experiences of the 2001 recession and the Great Recession. The final section of this report describes the three recession-related FMAP increases and compares them according to their various aspects, such as time periods for the FMAP increases, the amounts of the increases, and the requirements for states to receive the increases."
CRS Report for Congress, R46346
Congressional Research Service: https://crsreports.congress.gov/