Australia: Background and U.S. Relations [Updated May 13, 2020]   [open pdf - 1MB]

From the Summary: "The Commonwealth of Australia and the United States enjoy a close alliance relationship. Australia shares many cultural traditions and values with the United States and has been a treaty ally since the signing of the Australia-New Zealand-United States (ANZUS) Treaty in 1951. Australia made major contributions to the allied cause in the First and Second World Wars, and the conflicts in Korea, Vietnam, Iraq, and Afghanistan. Australia is also a close intelligence partner through the 'Five Eyes' group of nations. U.S. Marines conduct rotational deployments in northern Australia. This initiative and others demonstrate the continuing closeness of the defense relationship. A traditional cornerstone of Australia's strategic outlook is the view that the United States is Australia's most important strategic partner and is a key source of stability in the IndoPacific region. Australia's relationship with China has become increasingly complicated in recent years and some Australians have expressed concern about where Australia's relationship with the United States has headed under the Trump Administration. While Australia has a complex array of international relations, its geopolitical context is to a large extent defined by its economic relationship with China and its strategic relationship with the United States."

Report Number:
CRS Report for Congress, RL33010
Public Domain
Retrieved From:
Congressional Research Service: https://crsreports.congress.gov/
Media Type:
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