Compacts of Free Association: Populations in U.S. Areas Have Grown, with Varying Reported Effects, Report to the Chairman of the Committee on Energy and Natural Resources, U.S. Senate   [open pdf - 7MB]

From the Document: "The U.S. compacts of free association permit eligible citizens from the freely associated states (FAS), including Micronesia, the Marshall Islands, and Palau, to migrate to the United States and its territories without visa and labor certification requirements. In fiscal year 2004, Congress authorized and appropriated $30 million annually for 20 years to help defray costs associated with compact migration in affected jurisdictions, particularly Hawaii, Guam, and the CNMI [Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands]. This funding ends in 2023, though migration to U.S. areas is permitted to continue and is expected to grow. GAO [Government Accountability Office] was asked to review topics related to compact migration. This report describes (1) estimated compact migrant populations and recent trends in compact migration; (2) reported costs related to compact migration in Hawaii, Guam, and the CNMI; and (3) effects of compact migration on governments, workforces, and societies in these and other U.S. areas. GAO reviewed Census Bureau data to determine the numbers of compact migrants in U.S. areas. In addition, GAO interviewed federal, state, and territory government officials; representatives of private sector and nonprofit groups employing or serving compact migrants; FAS embassy and consular officials; and members of compact migrant communities."

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Government Accountability Office: http://www.gao.gov/
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