Motor Vehicle Safety: Issues for Congress [June 8, 2020]   [open pdf - 1MB]

From the Summary: "Vehicle safety may be a significant issue as Congress considers a replacement for the current authorization of surface transportation programs, the Fixing America's Surface Transportation Act (FAST Act; P.L. 114-94), which expires at the end of FY2020. Responsibility for motor vehicle safety lies with the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) within the U.S. Department of Transportation (DOT). The agency's performance has been controversial, in part because of its handling of the largest-ever recall, involving more than 63 million Takata airbags; since the recall was ordered in 2015, nearly 16 million potentially defective airbags have not been replaced. NHTSA has been without a Senate-confirmed administrator since 2017. Under federal law, NHTSA has the power to promulgate standards for cars and light trucks. The combination of new vehicle designs, greater vehicle automation, and federal standards--including those for seat belts, airbags, hood and door latches, and children's car seats--has contributed to a reduction in the fatality rate by 80% over the past six decades. NHTSA does not approve vehicles before they are manufactured, but may order or encourage a vehicle or parts manufacturer to recall products that violate its standards."

Report Number:
CRS Report for Congress, R46398
Public Domain
Retrieved From:
Congressional Research Service: https://crsreports.congress.gov/
Media Type:
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