Expanding the Selective Service: Legal Issues Surrounding Women and the Draft [June 8, 2020] [open pdf - 648KB]
From the Document: "Should American women be required to register for the draft alongside their male counterparts? On March 25, 2020, the National Commission on Military, National, and Public Service (the Commission) released a report addressing this and other questions relating to military, national, and public service. The Commission recommended that women should be required to register with the Selective Service System and be included in any future draft. The Commission's report comes just over a year after a U.S. district court ruled that the male-only draft is unconstitutional, and three weeks after the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit (Fifth Circuit) held oral arguments in the appeal of that decision. This Sidebar provides a brief legal background of the Selective Service System, including legal consequences of failing to register. It next describes judicial challenges to the male-only draft and legislative efforts to require women to register. The Sidebar then discusses the creation and conclusions of the Commission. Finally, it examines issues for the 116th Congress."
CRS Legal Sidebar, LSB10491
Congressional Research Service: https://crsreports.congress.gov/