From the Context: "African leaders have taken concrete steps towards addressing the scourge of conflicts on the continent and, in the more immediate sense, the serious threat posed by the COVID-19 [coronavirus disease 2019] crisis and its ramifications. While the relatively late arrival of the virus in Africa has arguably given the continent the time to better understand the nature of the pandemic and to prepare for it, African countries' weak health care institutions and resource limitations place them at a very high disadvantage in the fight against the virus. COVID-19 could have a massive impact on peace and security, development, human rights but, above all on the lives and livelihoods of ordinary people, particularly the poor and the most vulnerable. Many lives will be lost before the pandemic is brought under control. All this will inevitably erode the development gains Africa made over the years, and could also put at risk some of the hard-won progress in addressing conflicts and maintaining peace and security on the continent. It is in the light of these highly consequential and rapidly changing realities, both in Africa and globally, that the African Union's declared theme of the year- 'Silencing the Guns: Creating a conducive environment for development', and the implementation of the AU Lusaka Roadmap on Practical Steps to Silence the Guns in Africa, need to be looked at and given priority."
UN Office of the Special Adviser on Africa; African Union
United Nations: https://www.un.org/