"Political demonstrations occur frequently worldwide. The frequency of these events will surely increase with the upcoming U.S. presidential election. Law enforcement entities must prepare for these events from a variety of frameworks and be aware of current terrorist trends and the potential for attacks at demonstrations. This thesis presents case studies of two political demonstrations--the Unite the Right rally in Charlottesville, Virginia, and the yellow jacket protests in France--as well as three terror attacks--the Chelsea bombing, the Queens hatchet attack, and the Westside Highway ramming attack, analyzing them through the lens of the New York City Police Department (NYPD)'s political demonstration and counterterrorism policies. This thesis concludes with recommendations for the NYPD in improving its current policies and for urban police departments in applying the NYPD's demonstration methodology to their own practices."
Naval Postgraduate School, Dudley Knox Library: https://calhoun.nps.edu/