From the Introduction: "Analysts have recently focused their attention on two pathways for the United States to reopen prior to the development of a vaccine for COVID-19 [coronavirus disease 2019]. The first is to accept a series of rolling openings and closings: reopening as infection rates decrease, then reclosing as they rise again due to increased interactions. This approach is generally thought to be enormously costly both economically and socially, as people will be kept in their homes and commerce restrained for considerable amounts of time. The second approach is to massively ramp up the production of testing, either through a universal testing regime (which would require capacity to test all 300+ million Americans once a week) or a system of testing, tracing, and supported isolation (which would require testing 5 million Americans a day, plus tracing those who were in contact with the infected and isolating them). The testing pathway would enable the United States to reopen without having to close repeatedly and it would, as a result, save billions of dollars. [...] This paper provides an introduction to interstate compacts, in order to inform the design of a possible Pandemic Testing Board."
COVID-19 White Paper 13
Edmond J. Safra Foundation Center for Ethics
Edmond J. Safra Foundation Center for Ethics: https://ethics.harvard.edu/