Barriers to COVID-19 Testing and Treatment: Immigrants Without Health Coverage in the United States [open pdf - 0B]
From the Executive Summary: "Immigrants are among the most vulnerable U.S. residents during the COVID-19 [coronavirus disease 2019] pandemic. Some live in communities with high infection and death rates, and many work in frontline industries such as health care and food production where the risk of transmission is high. Yet, many immigrants face barriers to accessing testing and treatment because they do not have public or private health insurance coverage. The undetected and unchecked spread of the virus among any segment of the U.S. population risks driving further transmission to others, with severe consequences for communities across the country. And as it affects the health and wellbeing of essential workers, many of whom are immigrants, the spread of the virus places stress on the healthcare system, food supply, and access to other necessities for all. [...] [M]any noncitizens, including both legal immigrants and the unauthorized, are still excluded from any insurance coverage. Without it, they are less likely to have access to a doctor or other health-care provider to get tested, monitored, and treated during the early stages of the disease. They are also more likely to have untreated health conditions that could leave them more vulnerable to the virus and require more expensive treatment should they become sick. This fact sheet provides estimates of the number of uninsured noncitizens nationwide and in each state, and how many of them are ineligible for Medicaid coverage due to their immigration status."
2020 Migration Policy Institute
Migration Policy Institute: https://www.migrationpolicy.org/